Home   Africa   Contact  Culture   Dictionary   Edo   General   Guestbook   History   International   Jobs   Language   Music    Nigeria   Poems   Religion    Schools    Soccer    Women

Get Books and CDs for Issues Relating to Students and Schools, Dating and Divorce, Marriage and Singles, Credit Cards,
Depression and Peace, Israel-Palestinian Conflict, African Languages, and African Movies


Edos and The British



The King of Benin was not as Gullible or trusting as the kings of Lagos and Calabar and he refused to sign any treaty of "protection" with Britain since he could see no need for a protection from a foreign power who had been dealing with them for centuries as equals, and in any event , Benin was a great power when Britain was a roman colony. The King was somber in stance and dignity. He stood his ground. Of course, Britain had a hidden agenda. At that time the British African policy was being master- minded by the British Naval and Military Intelligence and the foreign Office with the Colonial Office playing little role.

By June 5,1885,Britain named her "sphere of Influence" (note the phase) from Lagos to River Rio Del Ray near Cameroun as "Oil Rivers protectorate "On May 13,1893,Britain proclaimed "Niger coast protectorate" as the new name for the Oil rivers Protectorate" With its own postage stamps which I have seen. The Kingdom of Benin remained resolute, proud and independent. But Britain desperately wanted a protectorate of southern Nigeria. That was the hidden Agenda.


Oba Ovonramwen of Benin in 1896 declined to to receive a British delegation for discussions on the ground that the Kingdom was in the midst of a great National Festival. Nevertheless, the British came uninvited. In the light of the then prevailing circumstances at the time, the unexpected arrival of the British was treated as a hostile act equivalent to a war situation. The British was attacked and defeated. Britain was indignant and felt that she now has an excuse to bring on board the recalcitrant Kingdom Benin.

The British military expedition included the father of James Callaghan, the former Labor Prime Minister. The kingdom resisted the attack bravely. The British called the Punitive Expedition.  many people were killed, houses burnt, the palace looted, Great works of Art taken away. The king went to Calabar. The British took enough works of art to pay for the costs of the expedition. The fiercest and proudest Kingdom was sadly invaded in February 17, 1897.

On December 27, 1899, Britain at last was able to proclaim and promulgate the "protectorate of southern Nigeria" to take effect from January 1,1900 .

 culled from 100 years after the invasion of Benin by Richard Akinjide,a former attorney General and Federal minister of justice.He is senior advocate of Nigeria .

  The Political & Spiritual Purpose of the Holy Land
Advertise here for
just $500 / month
Advertise here for
just $500 / month